Trade Secret Litigation Rises as Economy Tanks

Posted by Scott A. HoltOn April 22, 2008In: Newsworthy

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Recession seems imminent, leading to layoffs and downturn in business. But the looming recession also means more activity in other areas. Employment360 cites experts who believe the current recession will increase the amount of intellectual property legal work, including enforcement of noncompetition and nondisclosure agreements. The view is that companies are more likely to pursue former employees who violate their noncompete and confidentiality agreements during economic downturns as companies increase efforts to protect their assets.

For employers, now is the time to be reviewing what measures you need to institute to protect their business interests. Key employees should have enforceable noncompete and confidentiality agreements in place to prevent them from posing a threat should they leave employment. To better ensure enforcement of the agreements, multi-state employers also should include a requirement that the case be litigated in a state that enforces these types of agreements. Some states such as California will not enforce noncompete agreements, while other states such as Georgia, Texas and Illinois are reluctant to uphold the agreements in their entirety. Delaware continues to be a favorite forum for enforcement of noncompete and confidentiality agreements because of its business friendly environment and accessibility to the courts.

Employers also must implement proper screening measures to make certain that new hires are not subject to noncompete agreements that will ensnare them in trade secret litigation. All applicants should be asked whether they had confidentiality or noncompete agreements with their former employer so that preventative steps can be taken before they commence employment.

Pregnancy Discrimination FAQ

Posted by Adria B. MartinelliOn April 22, 2008In: Disabilities (ADA), Family Medical Leave, Pregnancy (Title VII)

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Pregnant Defense Minister
Pregnant Spanish Defense Minister Carme Chacon reviews troops in Madrid

* * * *
Pregnancy discrimination is making international headlines. Our friend and fellow Employers Counsel Network editor, John Phillips, posted an interesting article today on his blog, titled, "Questions About Pregnancy," regarding pregnancy discrimination and Spain's pregnant defense minister.

He poses some interesting questions about balancing an employer's interests versus those of a pregnant woman in the workplace.

See my earlier post, "More Than Hollywood Noticing Baby Bump" regarding the alarming increase in pregnancy discrimination claims.

What exactly are your obligations to a pregnant employee?

Under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), you're prohibited from treating pregnant employees differently than other employees with temporary restrictions. For example, if a pregnant employee is restricted from lifting more than 20 pounds during her last trimester, you must treat her the same as a male employee who suffered a back injury and was temporarily unable to lift the same amount.

The PDA does not require you to make special accommodations like the Americans with Disabilities Act does. It only requires you to treat pregnant employees the same as you would treat nonpregnant employees with temporary restrictions.

What can you do to avoid violating the PDA?

Here are some basic guidelines:

• Don't discuss an applicant's pregnancy with her at the employment interview or base your hiring decisions on her pregnancy or absences that may be caused by pregnancy.

• When an employee informs you that she's pregnant, congratulate her. Don't start interrogating her about the leave she will need or make any other comments about how her pregnancy might affect her job.

• Provide optional alternative jobs if the pregnant employee's current position could be harmful to her fetus. Be aware, however, that the decision to change duties is hers, not yours.

• If a pregnant employee is unable to perform her job or requests light duty, treat her like you would any other employee in a similar situation.

• If you take any performance-related disciplinary actions during an employee's pregnancy or maternity leave, do so cautiously! Make sure to document your actions, providing legitimate non-discriminatory reasons for the action.

Of course, dealing with pregnant employees may implicate other employment laws, including the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Family and Medical Leave Act. I will be presenting When FMLA and Pregnancy Leave Collide: How to Avoid Costly Discrimination Claims in Las Vegas and Nashville, TN at the upcoming Advanced Employment Issues Symposium. Click here for more details about the Symposiums.

Earth Day: A Green Workplace

Posted by William W. BowserOn April 22, 2008In: Going Green

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Employers, today is Earth Day. It would be hard not to notice. It seems that every media outlet is “going green.” NBC, for example has an entire website on the topic of environmental friendly options. The latest issue of Time magazine cover reads, "How to Win the War on Global Warming."

While the green movement has certainly taken center stage in the popular press, has your workplace started to change? Are you or your coworkers stuck in a “why bother” mood? I suggest that you read Michael Pollan’s article, which asks the same question, "Why Bother?" Pollan's article was featured in this past Sunday’s New York Time magazine, which, by the way, was titled, "The Green Issue." Pollan tries to answer just that question. In the article, he addresses why we should all look for and make small changes, even if the environmental problems facing us and our planet seem so incredibly large. He argues, among other things, that one of the best reasons for each of us to change is that we will influence others to make similar changes which together can truly make a difference.

In honor of Earth Day, I added a small gizmo on my shower which cuts off the water when it gets warm. The device, called Evolve, was needed to combat my family’s habit of starting the shower running and then leaving the bathroom, allowing gallons of water to go wasted down the drain. I know that there are other ways to address the situation, including simply putting our hand under the water, but this approach will prevent me from becoming the shower police.

While this is just the latest effort I have taken at home, I still remain, as I have said before, a “paler shade of green” at work. Earth Day has gotten me thinking as to how to get changes started in the office. While I can replace my Styrofoam cup with a ceramic one, how can I get others to go along? Well according to Pollan, they might just do it because I did it.

That sounds ok but there must be more, right? Another way might be to get co-workers to start brainstorming on ideas to green up our workplace. I am very impressed by the list developed by the Employees of the State of Kentucky with their list of Earth Day Suggestions for Office Workers.

I would appreciate your ideas.

Delaware Earth Day Events: Employers, Make Earth Day Events Team Events

Posted by Molly DiBiancaOn April 22, 2008In: Delaware Specific, Going Green

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Make Earth Day a Team Event

Delaware employers, you can celebrate Earth Day today by passing along the following list of State-wide activities to your employees. Or, for the innovative employer, why not turn one of the many environmentally friendly activities into a (voluntary) corporate outing. It's a great opportunity for a little team building and a chance to feel good about giving back. Plus, it's a beautiful day in the First State today, so get outside while you can!

Here in Delaware, Delaware State Parks, along with the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DENREC) will celebrate Earth Day 2008 with events throughout Delaware. Residents of the First State can do their part to help conserve Delaware's precious resources by participating in any one of the nearly 20 activities happening across the State this week. There are events in New Castle County at Bellevue State Park in Wilmington, Brandywine Creek State Park, also in Wilmington, and White Clary Creek State Park in Newark, as well as at the Brandywine Zoo. Kent Count and Sussex County have events at Cape Henlopen State Park in Lewes, Delaware, Delaware Seashore State Park in Rehoboth Beach and Killens Pond in Felton.

Another helpful resources for Delaware employers looking to "go green" is the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) website, which has a page for Earth Day At Work. The EPA identifies workplace-specific suggestions for being more engery efficient, managing electronic equipment replacement, and other tips to help protect the environment.

Will Delaware Go For Family Leave? New Jersey Is the First in the Tri-State

Posted by Teresa A. CheekOn April 21, 2008In: Family Medical Leave, Leaves of Absence, Purely Legal

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Family and Medical Leave has hit New Jersey employers. The N.J. Senate passed legislation that would make the Garden State only the third state (after California and Washington) with state-sponsored paid family and medical leave. Governor Corzine said he intends to sign the bill, so employers should start preparing now.

The New Jersey Division of Civil Rights, the state agency charged with enforcing the bill, has posted a helpful Q&A on the NJ FMLA on its website.

The criteria for employee coverage will be the same as for coverage under the state’s unemployment compensation law. Employers are covered if they are covered under the New Jersey Temporary Disability Benefits law, that is, if they have one or more employees who earned at least $1,000 in the current or preceding calendar year. Employees will be entitled to benefits in the amount of two-thirds of their weekly pay, up to $524 per week, for up to six weeks in any 12-month period.

Benefits are payable for time off taken to care for a seriously ill family member, or in connection with childbirth or adoption. Benefits will be funded by an additional tax on employees of about $.48 per employee per week, beginning on January 1, 2009. Benefits will begin to be available on July 1, 2009.

The law does not include any job restoration guarantees, and provides that employers with fewer than 50 employees (who are not covered by the federal FMLA) will not be liable to a discharged employee.

Federal Contractors Must List Job Openings: OFCCP Issues Final Rule

Posted by Teresa A. CheekOn April 21, 2008In: Diversity

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The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) issued a final rule on mandatory job listing by federal contracts. The rule is equired by the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act,* (“VEVRAA”) and the Jobs for Veterans Act of 2002 (“JVA”). Federal contractors are required to list almost all job openings with “the state workforce agency job bank where the opening occurs or with the local employment service delivery system where the opening occurs.” The exceptions to this rule include openings for executive and top management positions, positions that are to be filled internally, and positions that will last three days or less.

You can read the new rule and the OFCCP’s discussion of the rationale for the rule, titled, "Nondiscrimination and Affirmative Action Obligations of Contractors and Subcontractors Regarding Protected Veterans" in the Federal Register.


*38 U.S.C. 4212

Race Discrimination Class Action Denied by Third Circuit Court of Appeals

Posted by Maribeth L. MinellaOn April 20, 2008In: Cases of Note, Disabilities (ADA), Purely Legal, Race (Title VII)

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The Third Circuit, which governs Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, applied a strict interpretation of Rule 23(f) and affirmed dismissal of a class action against Johnson & Johnson. The case, Gutierrez v. Johnson & Johnson, was filed by African-American and Hispanic former J&J employees alleging race discrimination--8,600 employees in all.

The federal District Court in New Jersey declined to certify the group as a class. Notably, the court found that the group had failed to identify any J&J policy that was discriminatory. The court also cited the diversity and size of the group as factors weighing against class certification.

Now, hang in there, this is where it starts to get complicated.

The potential class could have filed an appeal with the Third Circuit after the District Court issued its decision denying certification. But, instead, they wanted to file a motion for reconsideration. J&J agreed to an extension of time for the employee to file their motion. The court granted the requested extension but eventually denied the motion for reconsideration, upholding its denial of class status.

The employee-petitioners sought permission tofile an interlocutory appeal with the Third Circuit. The petition was filed within ten days of the District Court’s denial of their motion for reconsideration but 125 days after the original decision denying class certification.

A petition to appeal must be filed within 10 days. When a motion for reconsideration is timely filed, though, the 10 day-clock stops running until the motion is decided. Here, the employee-petitioners filed their motion within the deadline set by the District Court's scheduling order. That was not enough for the Third Circuit. Instead, the court found that the 10-day requirement was mandatory--within 10 days of the decision denying class certification, the party has 10, and only 10, days within which to file an appeal.

The fact that the motion for reconsideration was timely for purposes of the District Court’s scheduling order did not matter. According to the Third Circuit, much to Johnson & Johnson's relief, Rule 23(f) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is strict and mandatory.

Glass Ceilings Aren't Broken With Anger: Study Shows Angry Women Lose Respect at Work

Posted by Molly DiBiancaOn April 20, 2008In: Jerks at Work, Women In (and Out of) the Workplace

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Women don't win by playing the anger card, according to a new study from Yale University psychologist Victoria Brescoll.

Brescoll and Eric Uhlmann at Northwestern University recently completed three separate studies to explore a phenomenon that is all-too-familiar to many women in leadership positions: Anger is not a pretty thing. The studies conclude that men who get angry are accepted and even rewarded but women who lose their temper are perceived to be less competent.

The studies, published in the March issue of Psychological Science, provide women with recommendations for navigating emotional hazards of the workplace. Brescoll says it pays to stay emotionally neutral and, if you can't, at least explain what ticked you off in the first place.

One method employed by the studies was to show both men and women scenes of men and women (actually actors) who were ostensibly applying for a job. The study participants were then asked to rate the applicants on (1) how much responsibility they should be given; (2) their perceived competence; (3) whether they should be hired; and (4) how much they should get paid.

Male and female participants reached the same conclusions:

Angry men deserved more status, a higher salary, and were expected to be better at the job than angry women.

The study participants provided the same responses regardless of the type of job for which the candidate was applying. Executive- and entry-level candidates were ranked equally.

Emotions, however, had a much greater impact. When the actor-applicants expressed anger, the men were selected as the preferred candidates. And when the actors expressed sadness, the bias seemed to lessen, and women applicants were ranked equally to men in status and competence. Emotions did not have any impact on the participant's opinions about salary--in both scenarios, the viewers awarded male applicants a higher salary.

A final study showed another way bias against female anger could be mitigated. When women actors explained why they were angry, observers tended to cut them more slack. Men, on the other hand, could actually be hurt when they explained why they were angry - perhaps, says the Yale psychologist, because observers tend to see this as a sign of weakness.

The study seems to lend some credence to the saying, "Kill 'em with kindness."

The Wrong Way to Break Through the Glass Ceiling: Study Says Women Can't Afford to Be Angry

Posted by Molly DiBiancaOn April 20, 2008In: Jerks at Work, Women In (and Out of) the Workplace

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Women

Yale psychologist Victoria Brescoll and Eric Uhlmann at Northwestern University recently completed three separate studies to explore a phenomenon that is all-too-familiar to many women in leadership positions: Anger is not a pretty thing. The studies conclude that men who get angry are accepted and even rewarded but women who lose their temper are perceived to be less competent.

The studies, published in the March issue of Psychological Science, provide women with recommendations for navigating emotional hazards of the workplace. Brescoll says it pays to stay emotionally neutral and, if you can't, at least explain what ticked you off in the first place.

One method employed by the studies was to show both men and women scenes of men and women (actually actors) who were ostensibly applying for a job. The study participants were then asked to rate the applicants on (1) how much responsibility they should be given; (2) their perceived competence; (3) whether they should be hired; and (4) how much they should get paid.

Male and female participants reached the same conclusions:

Angry men deserved more status, a higher salary, and were expected to be better at the job than angry women.

The study participants provided the same responses regardless of the type of job for which the candidate was applying. Executive- and entry-level candidates were ranked equally.

Emotions, however, had a much greater impact. When the actor-applicants expressed anger, the men were selected as the preferred candidates. And when the actors expressed sadness, the bias seemed to lessen, and women applicants were ranked equally to men in status and competence. Emotions did not have any impact on the participant's opinions about salary--in both scenarios, the viewers awarded male applicants a higher salary.

A final study showed another way bias against female anger could be mitigated. When women actors explained why they were angry, observers tended to cut them more slack. Men, on the other hand, could actually be hurt when they explained why they were angry - perhaps, says the Yale psychologist, because observers tend to see this as a sign of weakness.

The study seems to lend some credence to the saying, "Kill 'em with kindness."

Workplace Privacy: Biometrics May Be Coming to a Workplace Near You

Posted by Molly DiBiancaOn April 20, 2008In: Electronic Monitoring, Privacy In the Workplace, Privacy Rights of Employees

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Employee-privacy advocates are not in favor of biometrics in the workplace. But many employers do not share the concern. Biometrics are being used in workplaces across the country for purposes ranging from security to timekeeping and attendance.

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What are Biometrics?

You may not know it, but you have probably seen biometrics in use numerous times. Catch any modern spy movie and there is sure to be a scene where the main character accesses the inevitable Restricted Area using the fingerprint of a dead man via a "borrowed" digit. Or maybe the triple-secret bank vault can be opened only via a a retina scan of the bank's Very Important President. You get the idea.

Biometrics run the gamut from simple to NASA-level technology. Biometrics on the most basic level could include simple ID badges with the employee's mug-shot style photograph. Signatures are even included in biometrics that are used as a security measure. Today, employers utilize password-management systems that require employees to regularly change their personal passwords in order to access the company's network.

The term "biometrics" refers to a method of authenticating the identity of an individual using enduring physical or behavioural characteristics. Any system that utilizes biometrics relies on the use of biometric identifiers. Also known as "BIs," biometric identifiers are select pieces of information that relay an encrypted picture of some unique feature of the person's biological makeup. Common BIs include fingerprints, retinal scans and voice scans.

Other identifiers that have been suggested and used include: hands, feet, faces, ears, teeth, veins, voices, signatures, typing styles (keystroke), gaits and odors.

How Effective Are Biometrics?

In the employment context, biometrics are used as an authentication tool. The BI is compared to the authenticated BI, which is stored in a database. Used this way, biometrics offer a nearly infallible security system. Unlike traditional security measures, like passwords or security badges, biometrics cannot be shared, lost, forgotten, stolen, or recreated.

But there are security risks for the user. For example, the authenticating, or original, data must be kept as secure as possible, which usually means not being sent wirelessly. And, if it is sent across a network, encryption should be at a maximum. As a compromise, systems often provide for a larger margin of error. And, unlike passwords and security questions, biometrics cannot be changed or revoked when the employment relationship ends.

What Else Could Go Wrong?

Well, lots, actually. Unauthorized access to highly sensitive personal information raises very legitimate concerns about identity theft--a problem that already has employers on high alert for potential liability. And, without any regulatory system in place, what about the potential privacy implications? Surely, employees will want to know what other information can be obtained should the wrong person have access to the database.

Delaware Employment Law Blog featured on Inter Alia as the Blawg of the Day!

Posted by Molly DiBiancaOn April 18, 2008In: Newsworthy, YCST

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Inter Alia, (a/k/a) the Best Legal Research Blog, features Delaware Employment Law Blog as the Blawg of the Day


Inter Alia is the favorite weblog for legal research and reference (if you didn’t already know). Each day, Tom Mighell, blogger extraordinaire, posts about a legal research “blawg” (law + blog). Today, the Blawg of the Day is the Delaware Employment Law Blog!! Many gracious thanks to Tom for the recognition.

As a side note, for those of you who may still be new to the world of blogging, Inter Alia is the ultimate resource to find blogs of interest as you develop your list of feeds.

But, wait! There’s more! Tom also publishes Internet Legal Research Weekly, an e-newsletter readers can subscribe to for free, that covers anything and everything legal research, and then some. It often contains great information about other resources, such as Web 2.0 and other online tools. The current issue of the ILRW is available online or via subscription, and, when you have something specific in mind, check out the Internet Legal Research Weekly archives.

Really, there's more! Tom and his co-author, Dennis Kennedy, recently published the hottest book in the world of Legal Technology and Law Firm Practice Management, The Lawyer’s Guide to Collaboration Tools and Technologies: Smart Ways to Work Together. Published by the ABA, the book is written in plain-English suitable for both the tech savvy and the not-so-tech savvy and provides detailed information on how to effectively collaborate using the multitude of online tools availble in today's internet-driven world.

The book is the talk of the blogosphere at: Between Lawyers, at David Maister's Passion, People, & Principles Blog, and the Illinois Trial Practice Weblog, just to name a few.

And Dennis Kennedy has a comprehensive post on his blog with lots of information about the book.

Equal Pay Becomes Front Runner as Lilly Ledbetter Act Takes Center Stage

Posted by Teresa A. CheekOn April 18, 2008In: Equal Pay, Women In (and Out of) the Workplace

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The National Women’s Law Center is promoting Equal Pay Week with Blog for Fair Pay Day today.

Equal Pay Week marks the point in 2008 when the average woman’s wages catch up with what the average man earned in 2007. Women’s earnings are still on average only 77% of men’s. The site has a compilation of blog postings (and a “vlog” posting) about the equal pay issue, and a link for readers to use to urge their senators to vote in favor of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. That’s the law designed to reverse the Supreme Court’s ruling that imposed a very short statute of limitations on equal pay claims. The vote may be as soon as next Wednesday, April 23.

Senator Ted Kennedy issued a press statement yesterday voicing his opinion in favor of the Act.

Equal pay is a tricky issue, but one in which the EEOC and OFCCP have both taken an interest of late. The OFCCP advises federal contractors to conduct self-audits of their pay practices. I can attest that a self-audit is a difficult task because so many factors can influence pay and most employers do not track information about training, education, starting pay, etc., in their HR information system.

Whether you are for or against the Ledbetter Act, now is the time to make your opinion known.

Increase In Teen Harassment Claims May Result In Higher Burden for Employers to Avoid Liability

Posted by Scott A. HoltOn April 18, 2008In: Harassment, Other (Title VII), Harassment, Sexual

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In this month's edition of the American Bar Association's pulication, the ABA Journal, is an article titled "New Troubles for Teens at Work." The article reviews recent cases that seem to indicate the courts' narrowing definition of what constitutes acceptable workplace behavior.

Restaurants, which tend to be a much more casual workplace enviornment, have been the source of a large percentage of teen harassment claims. In a recent decision by the federal appellate court for the Seventh Circuit, EEOC v. V&J Foods, employers were warned that they will not be excused from liability by the mere fact that they have a policy and reporting mechanism in place. Instead, the court warned the business community that, when it comes to teen harassment, the bar has been raised.

Delaware Governor Ruth Ann Miller Credits Wilmington Attorney William W. Bowser as a Champion in the Fight Against Cancer

Posted by Molly DiBiancaOn April 18, 2008In: Delaware Specific, Newsworthy, YCST

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Delaware's Governor Minner received the Wallace M. Johnson award from the New Castle County Chamber of Commerce in March 2008. The award recognized the Governor's work to reduce cancer incidence and mortality and increase prevention and screening efforts in the First State. On the Governor's blog, she reciprocated the praise by spotlighting some of the groups and individuals who helped change the State's approach to cancer treatment and prevention.

Among those mentioned is our own Bill Bowser, a partner in the Employment Law Department at Young Conaway. Bill is the Chair of the Delaware Cancer Consortium, the group that Governor Minner credits as one of the central reasons for the State's successful initatives.

The Governor writes:

In 2001, we approached a vested group of legislators, business leaders, medical professionals, and concerned Delawareans to form the Delaware Cancer Consortium, which was charged with making recommendations to help reduce our cancer rate. Their recommendations included the Clean Indoor Air Act, the Delaware Cancer Treatment Program, Screening for Life, the Nurse Navigator program, and the Delaware QuitLine, among many others. Because of their help and the leadership of chairman Bill Bowser, we have been able to help families and save lives.

Also worth noting for employers, the Consortium has implemented a workforce/workplace initiative. The Workforce/Workplace Committe is committed to its mission to:

Improve clinical and support services in the workplace to better manage symptoms and rehabilitation and accommodate disabilities associated with the disease. As a result, employers can increase the numbers of cancer survivors who successfully return to work. The dynamics in the workplace—just as in the routine of living—change dramatically for a cancer survivor. Inability to work regular hours can affect finances and health insurance. Social connections may be lost. Professional selfr-espect, self-esteem and satisfaction can suffer. For the employer, productivity may be affected. If there are physical limitations, the employer may alter job assignments, which can enhance employer-employee relations.

Bill's many years of hard work and dedication to the First State's fight against cancer is appreciated by many and the effects of his work have been felt by countless Delaware citizens.

Following Wednesday’s Democratic Debate in Philadelphia, Employment Law Poll Identifies Priorities for the Next U.S. President

Posted by Sheldon N. SandlerOn April 18, 2008In: Delaware Specific, Newsworthy

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AMERICANS WANT NEXT PRESIDENT TO FOCUS MORE ON SAVING U.S. JOBS AND HEALTHCARE; LESS ON IMMIGRATION REFORM

With the spotlight of the political world shining on the Delaware Valley today, a new “America at Work” national opinion survey by the non-partisan Employment Law Alliance (ELA) shows that Americans overwhelmingly want their next President to focus more on improving their standard of living, providing universal healthcare, and stemming the outsourcing of jobs overseas than making it easier for immigrants to live and work in the United States.

The poll is based on a sampling of 1,125 working Americans surveyed between April 4 and 9 and is believed to be the only national survey to date focusing exclusively on a wide range of workplace-related issues that will likely confront the next President.*

You can not walk outside today and not hear people talking about Wednesday's debate and the impact of the upcoming elections on jobs and healthcare. Life in the workplace is often the centerpiece of concern for so many Americans getting ready to elect a new president.

While issues such as immigration get much of the press, I believe that the poll shows that what a typical voter is interested in might vary.

A summary of the results reveal:

· 87% of Americans want their next President to focus on increasing the proportion of the workforce earning at least a living wage, closely followed (86%) by making it tougher for companies to outsource U.S. jobs to foreign countries, and (83%) rounding out the Big Three, providing healthcare coverage for all U.S. citizens.

· 76% of Americans are also concerned - but not at the same intensity level - with having the next President work toward increasing workplace safety regulation, 70% support focusing on expanding family leave rules and 69% think beefing up enforcement of workplace discrimination laws should be a priority.

· In sharp contrast, 40% said they are concerned that their next President focuses on immigration issues, ranging from making it easier for professionals to work in the U.S. to granting amnesty for illegal aliens.

· Workers were also significantly split along racial lines regarding both views on workplace issues and immigration reform with, for example, 55% of non-whites supporting relaxing immigration laws for professionals versus 36% among whites.

· Geographically, 46% of workers in Western states thought the President should make increasing legal immigration a priority compared to a low of 25% among Midwestern workers.

· 45% of Americans want to make it easier for unions to organize workers.

ELA members concentrate on labor and employment law issues in every American state and more than 75 countries. The survey was conducted prior to Wednesday's democratic debate at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia and the Pennsylvania primary on April 22nd.

“The message to the next President is raising the standard of living and getting better healthcare is more of a priority than organizing unions or immigration concerns,” said Sandler.

Dr. Ted Reed, President of Philadelphia-based Reed group and Poll Director for ELA, said the input from ELA's attorneys around the country was invaluable in shaping the questions for the survey. According to Dr. Reed, “This survey is important because of the extent of demographic detail, including gender, race, income, education, and geography. The focus on pocketbook issues across the board as a Presidential priority is unmistakable.”

*The error interval is +/- 2.99% at a 95% level of confidence.

********************************************************************
Sheldon N. Sandler, a partner in the Employment Law Department at Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor in Wilmington, Delaware, members of ELA.

Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor, LLP, one of Delaware's largest law firms, counsels and represents national, international and local clients, handling sophisticated advisory and litigation matters involving bankruptcy, corporate law and intellectual property. Now in its fifth decade, Young Conaway also guides regional businesses and individuals through a myriad of employment, real estate, tax, estate planning, environmental, and banking issues from the firm's offices in downtown Wilmington.

The Employment Law Alliance is the world's largest integrated, global practice network comprised of premier, independent law firms distinguished for their practice in employment and labor law. Comprised of more than 3,000 lawyers, there are member firms in every jurisdiction in the United States and over 75 countries around the world. For further information, including access to the survey charts and graphs, visit: www.employmentlawalliance.com